Thursday, 13 October 2016

Functional English WORK SHEET 1.5

Functional English WORK SHEET 1.5
Find out if there is any error in the use of Adverbs in each of the following sentences and correct the errors:
a. He well talks.
b. She speaks fluently English.
c. It is regularly raining.
d. I carefully read my book.
e. She soon will come.
f. He will next day go to Agra.
g. He has yet not arrived.
h. He here lives.
i. Rahim there works.
j. There are everywhere books.
k. His sister cooks food never.
l. He speaks the truth always.
m. He comes late often.
n. She never had advised me.
o. They never have seen an aeroplane.
p. I just have arrived.
q. She is ready always.
r. They are late generally.
s. Do you go by car? Yes, I do usually.
t. He have to often go on foot.
u. She used to take umbrella always.
v. This building is enough large for the guest house.
w. This student cannot even do his homework.
x. He spoke at the meeting yesterday loudly.
y. She is crying now loudly at the field.
z. We will not find her nowhere.
aa. No one scarcely visits here.
bb. Go anywhere else than Pakistan.
cc. Call her anything else than bitch.
dd. He came more early than any other boy.
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Tuesday, 4 October 2016

Functional English WORK SHEET 1.4

Functional English WORK SHEET 1.4
Find out if there is any error in the use of Verbs in each of the following sentences and correct the errors:


a. Sita crys.
b. I writes a letter.
c. He fly kites.
d. Does I write a letter?
e. Ram does not tells a lie.
f. He never verifys the bills.
g. Is it rains?
h. We are seeing with our eyes.
i. Are you hearing a strange noise?
j. We are smelling with our nose.
k. I am feeling you are wrong.
l. The water is feeling cold.
m. How much am I owing you?
n. I am having a car.
o. I am understanding.
p. He is resembling his brother.
q. I am loving her.
r. I am believing in God.
s. The milk is tasting sour.
t. I am differing from you on this point.
u. He has gone to Jaipur last night.
v. He have gone to Jaipur.
w. They have been not reading since an hour.
x. Ram has gone two minutes ago.
y. He was ill since Monday.
z. She have just arrive.
aa. I had knew her for five years.
bb. If he has come to me, I would have helped him.
cc. If I had a pen, I will give you.
dd. She had not play.
ee. The train had departed before I reach the station.
ff. Had she warn you before?
gg. Ram had been waiting for me since two hours.
hh. Had Sita been not cooking since morning?
ii. It had been raining for last evening.
jj. He told that he has been writing a letter for the last one hour.
kk. Maya had already inform me.
ll. Gita not had been waiting for you since January.
mm. He gone to Jaipur.
nn. He just went to Jaipur.
oo. He did not went to Jaipur.
pp. Did he came yesterday?
qq. He were not going.
rr. You was making a noise.
ss. She did not asked me.
tt. Did he not reminded you?
uu. Were she not cooking?
vv. Were they playing not football?
ww. They have been not studying since an hour.
xx. He is resembling his brother.
yy. Let I go there.
zz. Will he not played?
aaa. If he will come, I shall go.
bbb. He will not be play tomorrow.
ccc. He will be staying here yesterday.
ddd. Ram shall not be playing football.
eee. Suchi will about to come.
fff. He will has been waiting for you for three days.
ggg. He will have finish his work by 8 p.m.?
hhh. Sarita go to office at 10 a.m. daily.
iii. She has been cooking meal from 7 a.m.
jjj. Nisha is playing Tabla for two hours.
kkk. Rani have just come from college.
lll. They have been residing here since four years.
mmm. Ram do his work in time.
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Functional English WORK SHEET 1.3

Functional English WORK SHEET 1.3

Find out if there is any error in the use of Adjectives in each of the following sentences and correct the errors:

a. This building is larger than any building in the town.
b. She is more intelligent than any student of her class.
c. He is stronger than all students.
d. I am more wiser than you.
e. I didn’t find more costlier gift.
f. Mohan is comparatively better today.
g. He is superior than me.
h. She is junior than me.
i. He came prior than me.
j. Sangeeta is a best student in our class.
k. She is my the best friend.
l. My shoes are better than you.
m. The climate of Kanpur is hotter than Nanital.
n. Which is better: Tea, coffee or milk?
o. Which is the cheapest: Sliver or gold?
p. He is the most strongest of all.
q. This river is the most longest of all.
r. Ram is wiser and strongest than Shyam.
s. Shyam is tall and smarter than Hari.
t. I don’t like those sort of shoes.
u. He is one of the greatest writer.
v. The more she gets, the most she demands.
w. You will only need to plant one package of seeds.
x. She is not as beautiful as her sister.
y. This shirt is so good as mine.

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Functional English WORK SHEET 1.2

Functional English WORK SHEET 1.2

Find out if there is any error in the use of Pronouns in each of the following sentences and correct the errors:

a. He, you and I are partners.
b. They, you and we can purchase that complex.
c. The jury were divided in its opinions.
d. Sita and Gita went to her school.
e. Suresh and his family have completed his work.
f. Each soldier and every sailor was in their place.
g. Each officer and each clerk has joined their duty.
h. Each of the students are ready to do their homework.
i. Neither of them gets their turn.
j. Ram or Shyam should deposit their dues.
k. Neither Mohan nor Sohan has completed their job.
l. Either the teacher or the students have done his work.
m. I am as intelligent as him.
n. It is her who refused the offer.
o. It is me who saw her yesterday.
p. It is him who is responsible.
q. She hid herself in the room.
r. Myself is Ruchi.
s. Himself can solve it.
t. I solved this question myself.
u. He came himself to see the patient.
v. The two friends quarreled with one another.
w. They all gave gifts to each other.
x. One should do his duty.
y. Everyone of the students were happy.
z. I bought each of these books for rupees fifty./ I bought these books each for rupees fifty.
aa. These men received each a prize./ These men received a prize each.
bb. I like the girl whose helps the poor.
cc. This is the boy who parents have died.
dd. His reply was such which we never expected from him.
ee. My books are same that yours.
ff. Suresh is a good player and who is my class fellow.
gg. Let you and I go to play.
hh. There is a close relation between she and I.
ii. Neither of these four vehicles will do.
jj. Anyone of the two girls can solve this puzzle.
kk. Either of the three students is responsible for the loss.
ll. One should obey his elders.
mm. Each of the employees have to arrange their own vehicle.
nn. Only those employees should be promoted whom are sincere.
oo. The leaders which do not love their country are not respected.
pp. Those whose live in glass houses should not throw stones at others.
qq. It was me who telephoned you yesterday.
rr. Which house do you live?ss. My house is bigger than their. 


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Functional English WORK SHEET 1.1

Functional English WORK SHEET 1.1

Find out if there is any error in the use of Nouns/ Articles in each of the following sentences and correct the errors:

a. The Africans have dirty hairs.
b. This house is built of bricks and stones.
c. He is true to his words.
d. He has composed a number of poetry.
e. The sceneries of Kashmir is very lovely.
f. The rich should help the poors.
g. His family members are here in Gurgaon.
h. I want a blotting.
i. There is no place here in this mall.
j. I don’t like the play of hockey.
k. I have purchased a ground here in Meerut.
l. We have twenty rupee left.
m. People in India speak more than twenty language.
n. I prefer the rice to the bread.
o. The happiness means different to different peoples.
p. Joshi speaks the Japanese at home.
q. I like tea with the milk.
r. If you open the door, airs will circulate better.
s. Mr. Sharma will get the degree of B. A. Honour.
t. He has gone out to find a work.
u. A war is a horrible thing.
v. He is a M. A. in Hindi.
w. The man has conquered a space.
x. Mumbai has a good weather.
y. He gave me good advise.
z. Do you have an information about the matter?
aa. Have you disposed of the furnitures you bought last year?
bb. There are two kind of coke now.
cc. Working provides people with personal satisfaction.
dd. The rest in the afternoon is a custom in many countries.
ee. Both the news are wrong.
ff. Six dozens pens were distributed among the boys.
gg. Give a few paisas to the beggar.
hh. His six years old son is still not in school.
ii. Two kind of food were prepared.
jj. I have many work to do.
kk. She gave me informations about this bank.
ll. I want a paper.
mm. You must continue your study.
nn. She has a twenty rupees note.
oo. Ten miles are a long distance.
pp. The chair’s legs are broken.
qq. There is no space in the car.
rr. One of his son is a teacher.
ss. Light travel faster than sound.
tt. The mother both carried her son and daughter from the burning house.
uu. My sister serves in boy’s school.

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Saturday, 4 April 2015

E-Mail Writing 1.2

E-Mail Writing 1.2
Email Etiquette
An organization needs to implement etiquette rules for the following three reasons:
1. Professionalism: by using proper email language an organization will convey a professional image.
2. Efficiency: emails that get to the point are much more effective than poorly worded emails.
3. Protection from Liability: employee awareness of email risks will protect the organization from costly law suits.

Most Important Email Etiquette Tips
a. Be concise and to the point. Do not make an e-mail longer than it needs to be. Remember that reading an e-mail is harder than reading printed communications and a long e-mail can be very discouraging to read.
b. Answer all questions, and pre-empt further questions. An email reply must answer all questions, and pre-empt further questions – If you do not answer all the questions in the original email, you will receive further e-mails regarding the unanswered questions, which will not only waste your time and your customer’s time but also cause considerable frustration. For example, a customer sends you an email asking which credit cards you accept. Instead of just listing the credit card types, you can guess that their next question will be about how they can order, so you also include some order information and a URL to your order page. Customers will definitely appreciate this.
c. Make it personal. Not only should the e-mail be personally addressed, it should also include personal i.e. customized content. For this reason auto replies are usually not very effective. However, templates can be used effectively in this way, see next tip.
d. Use proper spelling, grammar & punctuation. This is not only important because improper spelling, grammar and punctuation give a bad impression, it is also important for conveying the message properly. E-mails with no full stops or commas are difficult to read and can sometimes even change the meaning of the text. And, if your program has a spell checking option, why not use it?
e. Use templates for frequently used responses. Some questions you get over and over again, such as directions to your office etc. Save these texts as response templates and paste these into your message when you need them. You can save your templates in a Word document, or use pre-formatted emails.
f. Answer swiftly. Customers send an e-mail because they wish to receive a quick response. If they did not want a quick response they would send a letter or a fax. Therefore, each e-mail should be replied to within at least 24 hours, and preferably within the same working day. If the email is complicated, just send an email back saying that you have received it and that you will get back to them. This will put the customer's mind at rest and usually customers will then be very patient!
g. Do not attach unnecessary files. By sending large attachments you can annoy customers and even bring down their e-mail system. Wherever possible try to compress attachments and only send attachments when they are productive.
h. Use proper structure & layout. Since reading from a screen is more difficult than reading from paper, the structure and lay out is very important for e-mail messages. Use short paragraphs and blank lines between each paragraph. When making points, number them or mark each point as separate to keep the overview.
i. Do not write in CAPITALS. IF YOU WRITE IN CAPITALS IT SEEMS AS IF YOU ARE SHOUTING. This can be highly annoying and might trigger an unwanted response in the form of a flame mail. Therefore, try not to send any email text in capitals.
j. Read the email before you send it. A lot of people don't bother to read an email before they send it out, as can be seen from the many spelling and grammar mistakes contained in emails. Apart from this, reading your email through the eyes of the recipient will help you send a more effective message and avoid misunderstandings and inappropriate comments.
k. Do not overuse Reply to All. Only use Reply to All if you really need your message to be seen by each person who received the original message.
l. Mailings > use the Bcc: field or do a mail merge. When sending an email mailing, some people place all the email addresses in the To: field. There are two drawbacks to this practice: (1) the recipient knows that you have sent the same message to a large number of recipients, and (2) you are publicizing someone else's email address without their permission. One way to get round this is to place all addresses in the Bcc: field.
m. Use a meaningful subject. Try to use a subject that is meaningful to the recipient as well as yourself. For instance, when you send an email to a company requesting information about a product, it is better to mention the actual name of the product, e.g. 'Product A information' than to just say 'product information' or the company's name in the subject.
n. Take care with abbreviations and emoticons. In business/ official emails, try not to use abbreviations such as BTW (by the way) and LOL (laugh out loud). The recipient might not be aware of the meanings of the abbreviations and in business emails these are generally not appropriate. The same goes for emoticons, such as the smiley :-). If you are not sure whether your recipient knows what it means, it is better not to use it.
o. Be careful with formatting. Remember that when you use formatting in your emails, the sender might not be able to view formatting, or might see different fonts than you had intended. When using colors, use a color that is easy to read on the background.
p. Avoid long sentences. Try to keep your sentences to a maximum of 15-20 words. Email is meant to be a quick medium and requires a different kind of writing than letters. Also take care not to send emails that are too long. If a person receives an email that looks like a dissertation, chances are that they will not even attempt to read it!
q. Use active instead of passive. Try to use the active voice of a verb wherever possible. For instance, 'We will process your order today', sounds better than 'Your order will be processed today'. The first sounds more personal, whereas the latter, especially when used frequently, sounds unnecessarily formal.

After knowing this all, (advantages and disadvantages of email, basic email etiquettes) we must use email as a time saver rather than a time waster. 
 
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E-Mail Writing 1.1

E-Mail Writing 1.1
(Advantages & Disadvantages)
E-mail is a quick and easy way to stay in touch with family, friends, business contacts, and strangers. It doesn't cost the price of a stamp and you don't have to wait for days to get a response or answer. In the business world, it is any easy, fast way to keep in touch with co-workers and employers. Emails keep us from wasting valuable time being placed on hold when you need to contact someone regarding business or pleasure.

Advantages/ Importance of Email
Knowing the advantages and disadvantages of email will help you analyze the time you spend using it. Learn the pros and cons to decide when and how to use email effectively.
Cheap. Once you’re online, there is no further expense.
Easy to Reference. Sent and received messages and attachments can be stored safely, logically and reliably.
Easy to Use. Once you’re set up, sending and receiving messages is simple. That goes for a host of other email functions. Data storage and contacts can be accessed quickly and easily.
Easy to Prioritize. Incoming messages have subject lines that mean you can delete without opening. How much time does that save compared to ‘snail mail?’
Fast. Message to send? Done, under a second! Email is by far the fastest form of written communication.
Global. Web based email means you can access your messages anywhere online. Going oversees? Before you go, mail yourself a copy of your passport number, travel insurance details or your accommodation details.
Good for the Planet. Actually the advantages and disadvantages of email are clear here. Computers themselves aren’t 'green', but email offsets some of the damage by reducing the environmental cost of contact.
Info at Your Fingertips. Storing data online means less large, space taking file cabinets, folders and shelves. You can access information far quicker if you learn how to use email this way.
Leverage. Send the same message to any number of people. Adaptations are simple, too. If you have a product or service to sell, email is an effective medium to get your message out.
Send Reminders to Yourself. Do you use more than one account? Email yourself messages from work to home or vice versa. Does the idea of two or more accounts seem complicated? It's not if you know how to manage multiple accounts.

If used well, email really is a superb productivity tool. And here's the flip side...

Disadvantages of Email
Emotional Responses. Some emails cause upset or anger. A reply in the heat of the moment can’t be retracted.
Lacks the Personal Touch. Some things are best left untyped. Email will never beat a hand written card or letter when it comes to relationships.
Misunderstandings. Emails from people who don’t take the time to read what they write before clicking ‘send’. Time is wasted, either to clarify or, worse, acting on a misinterpretation of the message.
Information Overload. Too many people send too much information. They often cite ‘need to know’ as the justification. Learn how to use email effectively and you’ll reduce time wasted on this.
No respite. The law of the empty inbox – leave it and will grow. Ignore it at your peril! Discover how to get an empty inbox every day.
Pressure to Reply. Once it’s in your inbox, you feel an ever increasing obligation to act on it. Procrastinating doesn’t make it go away.
Spam. Having to deal with spam and spoofs is one of the worst avoidable time wasters online.
Wasting Your Time. Over checking messages is time wasted on low value, passive activity.
Viruses. A virus could seriously affect your computer. If you want know how to use email, you need to know how to deal with these
Too Long. How long is too long? It’s hard to say exactly, but the longer it goes on, the harder it is to take in. Email is suited to brevity.
 ...to be continued.